On December 15 and 16, 2020, leading scientists from across Canada gathered virtually to shape this “national neutron strategy” at a round-table organized by the Canadian Neutron Initiative (CNI)and CIFAR, with support from the European Spallation Source and the Fedoruk Centre.
63 Canadian researchers responded to our survey of how they are able to meet their research needs with neutron beams. We’re tabulating the responses to see how things are in the two years since the closure of the CNBC.
On 2020 January 29, the Vice Presidents of Research or their designates from 16 Canadian universities met in Ottawa to discuss a proposed new pan-Canadian, university-led framework to manage Canada’s infrastructure, international partnerships, projects, and programs for materials research with neutron beams.
The report builds on the consensus of the meeting that Canada should maintain its leadership role in materials research with neutron beams. It has an extensive list of policy resources, and discussion of example strategic roadmaps from Europe and elsewhere.
On January 29, Fifteen senior executives of Canada’s research universities met in Ottawa with Dr Mona Nemer, Canada’s Chief Science Advisor, and several of our European colleagues to discuss how to establish a new cross-Canadian university-led organization to manage Canada’s infrastructure for materials research with neutron beams.
BrightnESS², the European Union-funded project within the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, wrote a report of the meeting, which included John Womersley, ESS Director General, and ILL Director Helmut Schober.
With the release of its final activity report, the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) celebrates Canada’s leadership in the use of neutron beams for materials research for over 70 years.
leadership began with the startup of the NRX reactor at Chalk River
Laboratories in 1947,” says John Root, Director of the CNBC. “It spanned from
the pioneering days of developing neutron scattering techniques through to the
global recognition of neutron beams as an invaluable tool for the study of
importance of these advancements was marked by the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics,
as well as by the proliferation of neutron beam facilities around the world.
are proud to have grown a strong Canadian community of neutron beam users who
have engaged with us to maximize value from our beamlines until the very last
moment of the NRU reactor’s operating life in March 2018,” continues Root.
closure of the NRU reactor, the CNBC has been in a decommissioning phase.
“As we look
forward to the future by securing access to neutron beams from alternate
facilities, now is an appropriate time to pause and reflect on Canada’s strong
record of performance and impact, as presented in this report,” adds Thad
Harroun, President of the Canadian Institute for Neutron Scattering.
The Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC), a national research
facility in Chalk River, Ontario, that is now in a decommissioning phase, “had
a positive impact on Canadian innovation, research, and industry, as well as on
the development of highly qualified personnel in Canada.” This is the
conclusion of Strategic Policy Economics (Strapolec), a leading strategy consulting
firm commissioned by the CNBC to analyse and summarize the benefits that
materials research using neutron beams the CNBC has offered to Canada’s
academic communities and industries.
“Among other analyses, Strapolec undertook the first
longitudinal analysis of students that have received training at the CNBC over
the years,” adds Root, noting that there have been about 1000 such students
over the past 35 years.
The study found that the CNBC was an engine of supply of
highly qualified people, enhancing university training and inspiring students
to pursue greater educational achievements, which led to careers in Canada’s
academic, industrial manufacturing, and scientific R&D sectors where their
skills are needed most.
Other major findings of Strapolec include:
The CNBC was a key element of Canada’s research
infrastructure that supports its innovation economy and was competitive with
international neutron beam facilities.
The CNBC’s user community was well-distributed
across Canada, and it enabled these users to make greater scientific impacts;
it was used by a high proportion of Canada Research Chair holders and was rated
Canada’s most valuable research asset by international scientific experts.
Researchers who used the CNBC attracted a high
proportion of collaborative industry research dollars from a broad
cross-section of Canada’s industries that invest in R&D.
“The CNBC was held in high esteem among the international research community; it was probably the best regarded major research facility in Canada,” says Thad Harroun, President of the Canadian Institute for Neutron Scattering. “Our expertise is now focussed on re-creating that success at a new facility.”
The House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance (FINA) recommended, in its December 10, 2018 report, that the Government of Canada “Support the pan-Canadian, university-led Canadian Neutron Initiative to ensure that Canada maintains our place among leaders in materials research in priority areas, such as producing and storing clean energy, growing the economy through advanced manufacturing and clean technologies, and promoting health through biomedical and life sciences.” The report, entitled Cultivating Competitiveness: Helping Canadians Succeed, is the culmination of the Committee’s consultations for the 2019 budget.
The recommendation to implement the Canadian Neutron Initiative (CNI) is part of a series of recommendations to “stimulate research and development.” The recommendation follows the submission of the CNI Working Group, which asked for an allocation of “$24M of new funding in Budget 2019, and $100M over five years, starting in 2021‐22, to the Canada Foundation for Innovation to establish, via the Canadian Neutron Initiative, a pan‐Canadian,university‐led framework for materials research and innovation with neutron beams.”
The brief to the CNI as presented to FINA in 2018 and in 2017 are available from the CNI resource page.
Science talks showing the range of research applications of neutron beams, from Alzheimer’s disease to rock formation, and intense discussion of the neutron beam community’s future are among the highlights from the CINS meeting at the University of Windsor. Continue reading Highlights from the CINS meeting in Windsor→